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Document Type



Africana Studies


American Studies

Publication Date



National Park Services / Eastern National




The following report focuses on the lives and experiences of Africans and African Americans who lived and worked in Yorktown, at the Moore House, and on Battlefield Property between 1635 and 1867. The goal of this study is to highlight the role that Africans and African Americans played in Yorktown and the surrounding rural area. A wide variety of primary documents contain details about the enslaved men, women, and children who labored in the homes of Yorktown's elite residents, worked in the shops of the town's skilled artisans, and tended fields on nearby plantations. In addition, Yorktown was home to free people of color who worked to support their families and to maintain their freedom. Details about the black residents - enslaved and free - of Yorktown, the Moore House, and portions of the Battlefield is essential information that will be included in future exhibits at the Colonial National Historical Park, waysides located throughout the park, and in interpretive programming offered to visitors to Yorktown. Knowledge about the variety of experiences of the Africans and African Americans in near Yorktown ill help the staff of the Colonial National Historical Park to enhance the experience of their visitors and to add complexity to the information that they provide about the history of Yorktown and its peoples.

Historical Overview of Africans and African Americans in Yorktown, at the Moore House, and on Battlefield Property, 1635-1867 Colonial National Historical Park (Vol. 1)