Physical Review D
We perform a model-independent, nonperturbative investigation of two-point and three-point finite-volume correlation functions in the energy regime where two-particle states can go on shell. We study three-point functions involving a single incoming particle and an outgoing two-particle state, relevant, for example, for studies of meson decays (e. g., B-0 -> K*l(+)l(-) - > pi Kl(+)l(-)) or meson photo production (e.g., pi gamma* - > pi pi). We observe that, while the spectrum solely depends on the on-shell scattering amplitude, the correlation functions also depend on off-shell amplitudes. The main result of this work is a generalization of the Lellouch-Lscher formula relating matrix elements of currents in finite and infinite spatial volumes. We extend that work by considering a theory with multiple, strongly coupled channels and by accommodating external currents which inject arbitrary four-momentum as well as arbitrary angular momentum. The result is exact up to exponentially suppressed corrections governed by the pion mass times the box size. We also apply our master equation to various examples, including the two processes mentioned above as well as examples where the final state is an admixture of two open channels.
Briceño, R. A., Hansen, M. T., & Walker-Loud, A. (2015). Multichannel 1→ 2 transition amplitudes in a finite volume. Physical Review D, 91(3), 034501.