Cross Sections for the Exclusive Photon Electroproduction on the Proton and Generalized Parton Distributions

H. S. Jo
M. Guidal
S. Niccolai
K. A. Griffioen, College of William and Mary

Abstract

Unpolarized and beam-polarized fourfold cross sections (d(4)sigma / dQ(2)dx(B)dtd phi) for the ep - > e'p'gamma reaction were measured using the CLAS detector and the 5.75-GeV polarized electron beam of the Jefferson Lab accelerator, for 110 (Q(2), x (B), t) bins over the widest phase space ever explored in the valence-quark region. Several models of generalized parton distributions (GPDs) describe the data well at most of our kinematics. This increases our confidence that we understand the GPD H, expected to be the dominant contributor to these observables. Through a leading-twist extraction of Compton form factors, these results support the model predictions of a larger nucleon size at lower quark-momentum fraction x (B).