Using the micro - resistivity method to detect hispanic ancient floors at Nombre de Dios, Panama
This article describes the application of the method of electric prospection to the detection of floors of hispanic type associated with the site of Nombre de Dios. This site represents an important and ancient Spanish settlement founded during the time of the European conquest in the American continent around the year 1510. The electric prospection developed in the site was conformed by a mapping of apparent resistivity of a small area (10 x 10) m obtained through an electrode arrangement pole - pole type and developed during the dry time. The results obtained in the interpolation process for the obtaining of the apparent resistivity map of the subsoil showed a group of electric anomalies with high values, which went associated to a ground system of pebbles built during the period. The areas with low values of apparent resistivity were associated to the sedimentary material that characterizes the region. Later on, the excavation works carried out on one of the electric strong anomalies agreed with the results of this geophysical prospection; a probe of 0.5 x 0.5 x 0.2 m revealed the superior part of a floor of pebbles; and this colonial structure rests under a wet layer of superficial sedimentary material. Below the hispanic floors, the moisture turned out to be bigger. Later to the excavations, and with the objective of generating a synthetic map of electrical resistivity with the same characteristics observed in the map of values of measured resistivity, it was intended a 3D geoelectric model incorporating the main characteristics of the floor of pebbles detected during the excavation, as well as the surrounding materials.