Models of cardiac excitation-contraction coupling in ventricular myocytes

George S. B. Williams
Eric A. Sobie
M. Saleet Jafri
Gregory D. Smith, William & Mary


Mathematical and computational modeling of cardiac excitation-contraction coupling has produced considerable insights into how the heart muscle contracts. With the increase in biophysical and physiological data available, the modeling has become more sophisticated with investigations spanning in scale from molecular components to whole cells. These modeling efforts have provided insight into cardiac excitation-contraction coupling that advanced and complemented experimental studies. One goal is to extend these detailed cellular models to model the whole heart. While this has been done with mechanical and electophysiological models, the complexity and fast time course of calcium dynamics have made inclusion of detailed calcium dynamics in whole heart models impractical. Novel methods such as the probability density approach and moment closure technique which increase computational efficiency might make this tractable. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.