Light storage in an optically thick atomic ensemble under conditions of electromagnetically induced transparency and four-wave mixing
Physical Review a
We study the modification of a traditional electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) stored-light technique that includes both EIT and four-wave mixing (FWM) in an ensemble of hot Rb atoms. The standard treatment of light storage involves the coherent and reversible mapping of one photonic mode onto a collective spin coherence. It has been shown that unwanted, competing processes such as four-wave mixing are enhanced by EIT and can significantly modify the signal optical pulse propagation. We present theoretical and experimental evidence to indicate that, while a Stokes field is indeed detected upon retrieval of the signal field, any information originally encoded in a seeded Stokes field is not independently preserved during the storage process. We present a simple model that describes the propagation dynamics of the fields and the impact of FWM on the spin wave.
Phillips, Nathaniel B.; Novikova, Irina; and Gorshkov, Alexey V., Light storage in an optically thick atomic ensemble under conditions of electromagnetically induced transparency and four-wave mixing (2011). Physical Review a, 83(6).