Measurements of the magnetic field vector using multiple electromagnetically induced transparency resonances in Rb vapor

Kevin Cox, William & Mary
Irina Novikova, William & Mary
Eugeniy E. Mikhailov, William & Mary
Valery I. Yudin
Alexey V. Taichenachev

Abstract

We study the dependence of electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) resonance amplitudes on the external magnetic field direction in a linearly polarized bichromatic light (lin||lin) configuration in (87)Rb vapor. We demonstrate that all seven resolvable EIT resonances exhibit maxima or minima at certain orientations of the laser polarization relative to the wave vector and magnetic field. This effect can be used for the development of a high- precision EIT vector magnetometer.