Journal of Experimental Psychology-Human Perception and Performance
The primary aim of the present research was to determine how stimulus-set and response-set components of task-set contribute to switch costs and conflict processing. Three experiments are described wherein participants completed an explicitly cued task-switching procedure. Experiment 1 established that task switches requiring a reconfiguration of both stimulus- and response-set incurred larger residual switch costs than task switches requiring the reconfiguration of stimulus-set alone. Between-task interference was also drastically reduced for response-set conflict compared with stimulus-set conflict. A second experiment replicated these findings and demonstrated that stimulus- and response-conflict have dissociable effects on the "decision time" and "motor time" components of total response time. Finally, a third experiment replicated Experiment 2 and demonstrated that the stimulus- and response- components of task switching and conflict processing elicit dissociable neural activity as evidence by event-related brain potentials.
Kieffaber, P. D., Kruschke, J. K., Cho, R. Y., Walker, P. M., & Hetrick, W. P. (2013). Dissociating stimulus-set and response-set in the context of task-set switching. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 39(3), 700.