Physical Review A
American Physical Society
The final-state distribution of hydrogen, acted upon by a 1/2-cycle pulse, has been calculated semiclassically for a proposed one-dimensional experiment. This work was motivated by the recent experimental realization of half-cycle pulses by Jones, You, and Bucksbaum [Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1236 (1993)] in which preliminary studies of ionization and state redistribution for hydrogenlike atoms were carried out. To simplify the situation theoretically, an experiment is proposed in which an additional weak static electric field is imposed and approximately one-dimensional states are selected. Within this one-dimensional approximation the transition probability to various n states (n is the principal quantum number) has been calculated as a function of the amplitude of the half-cycle pulse, using a semiclassical formula due to Miller [Adv. Chem. Phys. 25, 69 (1974)]. A complete derivation of this formula and a discussion of approximations are made in the following paper. We have found that an even number of trajectories always contributes to the transition probability and leads to observable interference effects. In addition, we find that bifurcations of these trajectories can occur, resulting in resonances and more complicated interference structures.
Schwieters, C. D. and Delos, John B., Semiclassical Treatment of a Half-Cycle Pulse Acting on a One-Dimensional Rydberg Atom (1995). Physical Review A, 51(2), 1023-1029.