The Journal of Chemical Physics
Carbon nanosheets are a unique nanostructure that, at their thinnest configuration, approach a single freestanding graphene sheet. Temperature desorption spectroscopy (TDS) has shown that the hydrogen adsorption and incorporation during growth of the nanosheets by radio frequency plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition are significant. A numerical peak fitting to the desorption spectra (300–1273K) via the Polanyi-Wigner equation showed that desorption followed a second order process, presumably by the Langmuir-Hinshelwood mechanism. Six peaks provide the best fit to the TDS spectra. Surface desorption activation energies were determined to be 0.59, 0.63, and 0.65eV for the external graphite surface layers and 0.85, 1.15, and 1.73eV for desorption and diffusion from the bulk. In contrast to TDS data from previously studied 𝑎-C:H films [Schenk et al. J. Appl. Phys. 77, 2462 (1995)], a greater amount of hydrogen bound as 𝑠𝑝2 hybridized carbon was observed. A previous x-ray diffraction study of these films has shown a significant graphitic character with a crystallite dimension of 𝐿𝑎=10.7nm. This result is consistent with experimental results by Raman spectroscopy that show as-grown carbon nanosheets to be crystalline as commercial graphite with a crystallite size of 𝐿𝑎=11nm. Following TDS, Raman data indicate that the average crystallite increased in size to 𝐿𝑎=15nm.
Zhao, X.; Outlaw, R. A.; Wang, J. J.; Zhu, M. Y.; Smith, Gregory D.; and Holloway, B. C., Thermal Desorption of Hydrogen from Carbon Nanosheets (2006). The Journal of Chemical Physics, 124.