Physical Review E
We present part I in a two-part study of an open chaotic cavity shaped as a vase. The vase possesses an unstable periodic orbit in its neck. Trajectories passing through this orbit escape without return. For our analysis, we consider a family of trajectories launched from a point on the vase boundary. We imagine a vertical array of detectors past the unstable periodic orbit and, for each escaping trajectory, record the propagation time and the vertical detector position. We find that the escape time exhibits a complicated recursive structure. This recursive structure is explored in part I of our study. We present an approximation to the Helmholtz equation for waves escaping the vase. By choosing a set of detector points, we interpolate trajectories connecting the source to the different detector points. We use these interpolated classical trajectories to construct the solution to the wave equation at a detector point. Finally, we construct a plot of the detector position versus the escape time and compare this graph to the results of an experiment using classical ultrasound waves. We find that generally the classical trajectories organize the escaping ultrasound waves.
Novick, Jaison; Keeler, Matthew L.; Giefer, Joshua; and Delos, John B., Chaotic Escape from an Open Vase-shaped Cavity. I. Numerical and Experimental Results (2012). Physical Review E, 85(1), 1-10.