Document Type

Article

Department/Program

Physics

Pub Date

2014

Series

113

Publisher

Physical Review Letters

Issue

2

Abstract

We report the first measurement of the target-normal single-spin asymmetry in deep-inelastic scattering from the inclusive reaction He-3(up arrow)(e, e')X on a polarized He-3 gas target. Assuming time-reversal invariance, this asymmetry is strictly zero in the Born approximation but can be nonzero if two-photon-exchange contributions are included. The experiment, conducted at Jefferson Lab using a 5.89 GeV electron beam, covers a range of 1.7 < W < 2.9 GeV, 1.0 < Q(2) < 4.0 GeV2 and 0.16 < x < 0.65. Neutron asymmetries were extracted using the effective nucleon polarization and measured proton-to-He-3 cross-section ratios. The measured neutron asymmetries are negative with an average value of (-1.09 +/- 0.38) x 10(-2) for invariant mass W > 2 GeV, which is nonzero at the 2.89 sigma level. Our measured asymmetry agrees both in sign and magnitude with a two-photon-exchange model prediction that uses input from the Sivers transverse momentum distribution obtained from semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering.

DOI

10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.022502

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