Sponsorship / Conference
Energy Storage Materials
Ultra-fast solid electric double layer capacitors (EDLCs) have been developed in both sandwich and planar interdigitated configurations using vertically-oriented graphene nanosheet (VOGN) electrodes with a hydroxide ion-conducting tetraethylammonium hydroxide (TEAOH)-polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) polymer electrolyte. These solid-state EDLCs could be scanned at a rate of 1000 Vs(-1) in cyclic voltammetry and demonstrated response times of less than 1 ms. They retained high performance over 18 months of shelf storage and after 100,000 charge/discharge cycles with limited packaging, demonstrating the high stability of TEAOH-PVA electrolyte. The solid-state capacitors are capable of performing at elevated temperatures and have demonstrated a response time of 0.35 ms at 90 degrees C. Given their ultra-fast rate capability, excellent shelf-life and cycle life, and excellent temperature stability, these solid-state EDLCs are promising smaller and lighter alternatives to the bulky electrolytic capacitors now used for ac line-filtering. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Gao, H., Li, J., Miller, J. R., Outlaw, R. A., Butler, S., & Lian, K. (2016). Solid-state electric double layer capacitors for ac line-filtering. Energy Storage Materials, 4, 66-70.