Physical Review B
We investigate the H3S phase of sulfur hydride under high pressure similar or equal to 200 GPa by means of ab initio calculations within the framework of the density-functional theory with the PBE0 hybrid exchange-correlation (E-xc) approximation. The choice of E-xc has the largest effect on the calculated electron-phonon coupling (EPC) matrix elements; the high-pressure equation of state and phonon frequencies are only slightly modified. Mode-dependent EPC correction factors are determined from PBE0 using a frozen-phonon supercell approach, while standard density-functional perturbation theory is used to determine the EPC with PBE generalized-gradient approximation E-xc. Our principle finding is that the calculated PBE0 T-c is enhanced by 25% compared to PBE. This is similar in magnitude, but in opposite direction, to the proposed suppression of T-c by anharmonic effects [I. Errea et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 157004 (2015)]. Our calculations demonstrate the importance of considering exchange-correlation approximations for calculations of superconducting properties for this class of materials.
Komelj, M., & Krakauer, H. (2015). Electron-phonon coupling and exchange-correlation effects in superconducting H 3 S under high pressure. Physical Review B, 92(20), 205125.