Physical Review Letters
New results are reported from a measurement of pi(0) electroproduction near threshold using the p(e , e'p)pi(0) reaction. The experiment was designed to determine precisely the energy dependence of s- and p-wave electromagnetic multipoles as a stringent test of the predictions of chiral perturbation theory (ChPT). The data were taken with an electron beam energy of 1192 MeV using a two-spectrometer setup in Hall A at Jefferson Lab. For the first time, complete coverage of the. phi*(pi) and. theta*(pi) angles in the p pi(0) center of mass was obtained for invariant energies above threshold from 0.5 up to 15 MeV. The 4-momentum transfer Q(2) coverage ranges from 0.05 to 0.155 (GeV/c)(2) in fine steps. A simple phenomenological analysis of our data shows strong disagreement with p-wave predictions from ChPT for Q(2) > 0.07 (GeV/c)(2), while the s-wave predictions are in reasonable agreement.
Chirapatpimol, K., Shabestari, M. H., Lindgren, R. A., Smith, L. C., Annand, J. R. M., Higinbotham, D. W., ... & Aniol, K. (2015). Precision Measurement of the p (e, e′ p) π 0 Reaction at Threshold. Physical review letters, 114(19), 192503.