Precision measurements of A(1)(n) in the deep inelastic regime

D. S. Parno
F. Benmokhtar
G. B. Franklin
T. Averett, College of William and Mary
J. Katich, College of William and Mary
A. Kelleher, College of William and Mary
H. Yao, College of William and Mary
B. Zhao, College of William and Mary

Abstract

We have performed precision measurements of the double-spin virtual-photon asymmetry A(1) on the neutron in the deep inelastic scattering regime, using an open-geometry, large-acceptance spectrometer and a longitudinally and transversely polarized He-3 target. Our data cover a wide kinematic range 0.277 <= x <= 0.548 at an average Q(2) value of 3.078(GeV/c)(2), doubling the available high-precision neutron data in this xrange. We have combined our results with world data on proton targets to make a leading-order extraction of the ratio of polarized-to-unpolarized parton distribution functions for up quarks and for down quarks in the same kinematic range. Our data are consistent with a previous observation of an A(1)(n) zero crossing near x = 0.5. We find no evidence of a transition to a positive slope in (Delta d + Delta(d) over bar)/(d + (d) over bar) up to x = 0.548. (C) 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.