Document Type

Article

Publication Date

3-1-2013

Abstract

Derivatives of 2-propionyl-6-dimethylaminonaphthalene (PRODAN) with twisted carbonyl groups were investigated as highly responsive sensors of H-bond donating ability. The PRODAN derivative bearing a pivaloyl group (4) was prepared. The torsion angle between the carbonyl and naphthalene is 26 in the crystal. It shows solvatochromism that is similar to five other PRODAN derivatives (1-3, 5, 6). Twisted-carbonyl derivatives 3, 4, and 6 show strong fluorescence quenching in protic solvents. The order of magnitude of the quenching is linearly related to the H-bond donating ability of the solvent (SA) but not to other solvent properties. Binary mixtures of protic solvents show specific interaction effects with respect to quenching and solvatochromism. Aggregation in water is an issue with the pivaloyl derivatives.

Journal Title

JOURNAL OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

DOI

10.1021/jo301263g

Volume

78

Issue

5

Included in

Chemistry Commons

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