Date Awarded


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)




Dorothy Finnegan


This study examines the progressive leadership of President J. A. C. Chandler in hiring the first women faculty at the College of William and Mary and explains the relationship between his presidency and his twenty-year career in education prior to 1919. During the early heyday of hiring women faculty in higher education, Chandler employed women educators at levels equal to national rates and surpassing regional standards. He did so in conjunction with his efforts to establish full coeducation at William and Mary. Chandler led a crusade to transform the College from a tiny, mostly male college into a vibrant coeducational state college. He expanded the student body by more than tenfold, made the student body gender equal, built a new campus, and created a utilitarian curriculum for vocational training.;Chandler also took dynamic steps to hire women faculty at a time when most southern women educators taught in women's colleges. He hired women to teach in a wide range of disciplines, sought them nationally, and treated them equitably. His willingness to hire women came from twenty years of experience working with women teachers in Richmond. Chandler made the College a model in the employment of women faculty. Through his dream to transform the College, Chandler opened the College's doors to women faculty as well as to women students.



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