Date Awarded


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)




Robert J. Hanny


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Cognitive Process of Instruction (CPOI), a cognitive strategy approach to writing instruction. An important emphasis o f the CPOI approach was a strategy designed to help students build a conceptual framework for the main idea paragraph as a means of improving composing skill.;The sample included 121 fifth grade elementary school students. Intact classes were assigned to the treatment or comparison group. The nonequivalent comparison-group design was used, and data were examined using analysis of covariance. The dependent variable was composing skill as measured by holistic and domain scoring. One null hypothesis was tested to determine whether differences between the experimental and comparison groups were significant at the.05 level of confidence.;The data analysis found that students in the cognitive strategy treatment showed significant difference when compared to comparison group students who were exposed to a modified writing process approach. However, this difference was in a different direction than predicted. Students in the cognitive strategy treatment experienced a decrease in composing score while students in the comparison treatments improved in composing skill. Length of treatment time and cognitive overload were seen as the most plausible explanation.;Recommendations include additional research to determine effect of length of time of treatment on (1) length of composition, (2) number of paragraphs written, and (3) composing skill for low, average, and high achieving students.



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