Date Awarded


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)




The purpose of this study was to examine how full-time female college administrators juggle the responsibilities in their professional lives with those of their nonprofessional lives.;A total of thirty female administrators were selected from both private and public four-year institutions in eastern Virginia. Snowball sampling was used to identify the women who met the criteria of the study. The women were all full-time college administrators who had at least one child still living at home and at least one living parent. They were all members of the "sandwich generation". One-third of the women were African American.;Information on each woman was gathered by means of an individual two-hour interview which focused on the career decisions that the woman had made. Kurt Lewin's life space model was applied to these women's lives. their lives were divided into two regions, professional and nonprofessional. Issues that emerged from the professional region included promotion obstacles, mentoring, networking, college policies, and climate of the work place. Issues that emerged from the nonprofessional region centered on child care and parent care.;From the professional region, the women noted the following: (1) few blatant hiring and promotion obstacles; (2) more networking and less mentoring; (3) college policies focusing more on child care and less on parent care; and (4) more availability of flexible scheduling in public institutions than in private institutions.;From the nonprofessional region, the women noted the following: (1) Help from nuclear and extended family members can significantly reduce the women's stress; (2) African American women have available to them more extended family members; (3) Care for the elderly is less stressful when the elderly live close to family members.



© The Author