Date Awarded


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)




P. Michael Politano


This study explored the qualities that distinguished a select group of college freshmen women (National Hispanic Scholars) from a general sample of Hispanic women as assessed by the PIT (Picture Identification Test) a semi-projective systems-oriented instrument that measures motivation (Chambers, 1988). The PIT was mailed to 496 Women Scholars, and administered to self-identified Hispanic freshmen women who attended four universities in the United States for the first time in the Fall of 1990. Results were based on the responses of 99 Ss (Select Group), and 57 Ss (Regular Group) who completed the PIT and fulfilled the criteria.;The specific hypothesis tested in this study was that an academically Select Group of Hispanic women would deviate less on PIT normative measures than a Regular Group of Hispanic college freshmen women. The data supported the prediction at a high level of significance.;PIT variables were first grouped and analyzed by a Multiple Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) program to ascertain any differences on Needs for each variable between the groups. Twenty-two out of 28 MANOVAs were significant at the p.02 level or less. A stepwise discriminant function analysis was used to order 114 of the most significant ANOVA variables (p {dollar}<{dollar}.05) and the most significant Bonferroni variables (p {dollar}<{dollar}.002). Out of this group, 43 variables were selected and ordered according to strongest discrimination and independence. The Select Group was closer to the Target Model on twenty-two of the twenty-six discriminant variables with significant ANOVAs (p {dollar}<{dollar}.04). Results are discussed in terms of understanding the qualities and motivational dynamics observed in the Select Group. Recommendations for further research with the PIT are discussed exploring its possibilities as an adjunct to multicultural counseling with populations "at risk".



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