Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)
The systematic skills-training programs which have been widely applied for the training of counselors have typically been designed with the assumption that all clients consuming the services of a counselor are voluntarily seeking help. In fact, many clients enter counseling reluctantly. Reluctance in this study is defined as a client who really doesn't want to be in counseling. This is very common among adolescent populations who frequently enter counseling because of the courts, schools, or their parents. They, therefore, comply with the authority of these institutions and are not self-motivated.;This study examined the nonverbal counselor techniques in a study which compared the nonverbal techniques traditionally endorsed by the counselor training literature to techniques which are detached or less involved. Actual clients were selected from a community counseling agency for adolescents with drug related problems. These clients were separated into voluntary clients (n=16) and reluctant clients (n=16). Clients were assigned to groups based on a brief questionaire and counselor interview. Voluntary clients were defined as presenting sincerity in wishing to receive help. Reluctant clients were defined as not really wanting to be in counseling.;Specific hypotheses for this study stated in the null were: (1) There will be no significant difference between ratings of trunk lean by reluctant adolescent clients and volunteer adolescent clients (accepted). (2) There will be no significant difference between the ratings of body orientation by reluctant adolescent clients and volunteer adolescent clients (rejected on two items PR > F = .041 and PR > F = .025). (3) There will be no significant difference between the ratings of body position by reluctant adolescent clients and volunteer adolescent clients (accepted). (5) There will be no significant difference between the ratings of head nods by reluctant adolescent clients and volunteer adolescent clients (rejected on one item PR > F = .015). (6) Reluctant adolescent clients will not choose the detached counselor style over the involved counselor style (accepted on four of the five tape series, p < .05). (7) Voluntary adolescent clients will not choose the involved counselor style over the detached counselor style (accepted on two of the five tape series, p < .05 and P < .01).;Subjects were asked to view ten brief videotape segments during their initial interview. . . . (Author's abstract exceeds stipulated maximum length. Discontinued here with permission of author.) UMI.
© The Author
Forrester, James Ernest, "The rating of nonverbal counseling techniques by reluctant adolescent clients" (1982). Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects. Paper 1539618823.