Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
Studying hadrons containing heavy quarks in lattice QCD is challenging mainly due to finite lattice spacing effects. to control the discretization errors, mQa is required to be much less than 1, where mQ is the quark mass and a is the lattice spacing. For currently accessible lattice spacings, the charm quark mass doesn't satisfy this requirement. One approach to simulate heavy quarks on the lattice is non-relativestic QCD, which treats heavy quark as a static source and expand the lattice quark action in powers of 1mQa . Unfortunately, the charm quark is not heavy enough to justify this expansion. An other is Heavy Quark Effective Theory (HQET) matched on QCD. Non-relativestic QCD and HQET are mainly used for bottom quark. Relativistic heavy-quark action, which incorporates both small mass and large mass formulations, is better suited to study the charm quark sector. The discretization errors can be reduced systematically following Symanzik improvement.;In this work, we use the relativistic heavy quark action to study the charmed hadron spectrum and interactions in full lattice QCD. For the light quarks we use domain-wall fermions in the valence sector and improved Kogut-Susskind sea quarks. The parameters in the heavy quark action are tuned to reduce lattice artifacts and match the charm quark mass and the action is tested by calculating the low-lying charmonium spectrum.;We compute the masses of the spin-1/2 singly and doubly charmed baryons. For the singly charmed baryons, our results are in good agreement with experiment within our systematics. For the doubly charmed baryon xicc we find the isospin-averaged mass to be MXcc = 3665 +/- 17 +/- 14+0-78 MeV; the three given uncertainties are statistical, systematic and an estimate of lattice discretization errors, respectively. In addition, we predict the mass splitting of the (isospin-averaged) spin-1/2 O cc with the xicc to be MWcc-MXcc = 98 +/- 9 +/- 22 +/- 13 MeV (in this mass splitting, the leading discretization errors are also suppressed by SU(3) symmetry). Combining this splitting with our determination of MXcc leads to our prediction of the spin-1/2 Occ mass, MWcc = 3763 +/- 19 +/- 26+13-79 MeV.;We calculate the scattering lengths of the charmed mesons with the light pseudoscalar mesons. The calculation is performed for four different light quark masses and extrapolated to the physical point using chiral perturbation formulas to next-to-next-to-leading order. The low energy constants are determined and used to make predictions. We find relatively strong attractive interaction in DK channels, which is closely related to the structure of DsJ(2317) state. The scattering of charmonium with light hadrons is also studied. Particularly, we find very weak attractive interaction between J/Psi and nucleon, in this channel the dominate interaction is attractive gluonic van der Walls and it could lead to molecular-like bound states.
© The Author
Liu, Liuming, "Charmed Hadron Spectrum and Interactions" (2011). Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects. Paper 1539623577.