Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
Stephen K Park
Vector Quantization (VQ) is an image processing technique based on statistical clustering, and designed originally for image compression. In this dissertation, several methods for multi-image classification and compression based on a VQ design are presented. It is demonstrated that VQ can perform joint multi-image classification and compression by associating a class identifier with each multi-spectral signature codevector. We extend the Weighted Bayes Risk VQ (WBRVQ) method, previously used for single-component images, that explicitly incorporates a Bayes risk component into the distortion measure used in the VQ quantizer design and thereby permits a flexible trade-off between classification and compression priorities. In the specific case of multi-spectral images, we investigate the application of the Multi-scale Retinex algorithm as a preprocessing stage, before classification and compression, that performs dynamic range compression, reduces the dependence on lighting conditions, and generally enhances apparent spatial resolution. The goals of this research are four-fold: (1) to study the interrelationship between statistical clustering, classification and compression in a multi-image VQ context; (2) to study mixed-pixel classification and combined classification and compression for simulated and actual, multispectral and hyperspectral multi-images; (3) to study the effects of multi-image enhancement on class spectral signatures; and (4) to study the preservation of scientific data integrity as a function of compression. In this research, a key issue is not just the subjective quality of the resulting images after classification and compression but also the effect of multi-image dimensionality on the complexity of the optimal coder design.
© The Author
Thompson, Beverly J., "Multi-image classification and compression using vector quantization" (1999). Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects. Paper 1539623956.