Date Awarded


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)


Computer Science


Qun Li


Mobile applications are becoming an indispensable part of people's lives, as they allow access to a broad range of services when users are on the go. We present our efforts towards enabling efficient mobile applications in smartphones. Our goal is to improve efficiency of the underlying services, which provide essential functionality to smartphone applications. In particular, we are interested in three fundamental services in smartphones: wireless communication service, power management service, and location reporting service.;For the wireless communication service, we focus on improving spectrum utilization efficiency for cognitive radio communications. We propose ETCH, a set of channel hopping based MAC layer protocols for communication rendezvous in cognitive radio communications. ETCH can fully utilize spectrum diversity in communication rendezvous by allowing all the rendezvous channels to be utilized at the same time.;For the power management service, we improve its efficiency from three different angles. The first angle is to reduce energy consumption of WiFi communications. We propose HoWiES, a system-for WiFi energy saving by utilizing low-power ZigBee radio. The second angle is to reduce energy consumption of web based smartphone applications. We propose CacheKeeper, which is a system-wide web caching service to eliminate unnecessary energy consumption caused by imperfect web caching in many smartphone applications. The third angle is from the perspective of smartphone CPUs. We found that existing CPU power models are ill-suited for modern multicore smartphone CPUs. We present a new approach of CPU power modeling for smartphones. This approach takes CPU idle power states into consideration, and can significantly improve power estimation accuracy and stability for multicore smartphones.;For the location reporting service, we aim to design an efficient location proof solution for mobile location based applications. We propose VProof, a lightweight and privacy-preserving location proof scheme that allows users to construct location proofs by simply extracting unforgeable information from the received packets.



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