Date Awarded


Document Type

Dissertation -- Access Restricted On-Campus Only

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)




Victoria Foster


The purpose of this study was to assess differences in moral development, multicultural competency, and type of supervision received between professional school counselors and school counseling interns. as cited in the literature, professional school counselors rarely receive clinical supervision, yet they are charged with the training and development of school counseling interns. Due to differences in moral development, this procedure may lead to negative learning experiences for school counseling interns. It was hypothesized that there would be statistically significant differences in moral development and self-reported multicultural counseling competencies between professional school counselors and school counseling interns. Additionally, it was hypothesized that certain variables, including supervision and moral development scores would be significant predictors of self-reported multicultural counseling competency. Thirty school counseling interns and 61 professional school counselors responded to the request for volunteers to participate in the study. The Defining Issues Test-2 (DIT-2), the Multicultural Counseling Competence and Training Survey-Revised (MCCTS-R), and a general demographic page were used to assess differences. Significant differences were found in moral development between the two groups. The type of supervision received was also found to be significantly related to moral development scores. No significant differences were found between the two groups in multicultural counseling competency. Additionally, the type of supervision received and moral development scores were not significant predictors of multicultural competency above and beyond other demographic variables. Further research is needed to determine the extent that supervision impacts moral development and multicultural counseling competencies and to explore the link between moral development and multicultural competence in professional school counselors.



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