Master of Science (M.Sc.)
Trait absorption, defined by Tellegen and Atkinson (1974) as “a disposition for having episodes of ‘total’ attention that fully engage one’s representational … resouces”, has been explored in connection to placebo response, mystical experience, religiosity, and synesthesia. However, absorption has not been explored as a predictor of psychotherapeutic outcomes. Over the course of two studies, we sought to gain an understanding of absorption’s trait-level associations, as well as its role as a predictor of social anxiety reduction after a brief mindfulness paradigm. Namely, we hypothesized that individuals higher in trait absorption would experience larger reductions in social anxiety after a brief mindfulness meditation session. When controlling for state anxiety at pre-mindfulness baseline, we did not find absorption to be a significant predictor of anxiety reduction. However, we found absorption to be associated with lower proneness toward anxiety induction during a brief speech task. We also found trait absorption to be associated with other trait-level constructs (e.g. openness to experience, anxiety, mindfulness facets) to similar degrees across two demographically distinct samples.
© The Author
Lipson, Joshua, "Trait Absorption: Correlates And Role In A Mindfulness-Based Intervention For Social Anxiety" (2020). Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects. William & Mary. Paper 1616444527.