Date Thesis Awarded


Access Type

Honors Thesis -- Access Restricted On-Campus Only

Degree Name

Bachelors of Arts (BA)


Global Studies


Tamara Sonn

Committee Members

Tuska Benes

Jonathan Glasser


Popular conceptions of Pakistan are visions of violence, terrorism, and radical Islam. However, the idea of Pakistan originates with poet-philosopher Muhammad Iqbal (d. 1938) who cited a need for a state where Indian Muslims could live as true Muslims. Embedding his religious philosophy in poetry, Iqbal was a well-educated, progressive thinker, and had a variety of influences, including Friedrich Nietzsche (d. 1900). Nietzsche, sometimes called "The Great Atheist," is most well-known for his pronouncement, "God is dead." This thesis explores the apparent irony of how Iqbal, a deeply religious Muslim, took such philosophical inspiration from an apparent enemy of religion like Nietzsche.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.


Thesis is part of Honors ETD pilot project, 2008-2013. Migrated from Dspace in 2016.

On-Campus Access Only