Data from: Social control of reproduction and breeding monopolization in the eusocial snapping shrimp Synalpheus elizabethae

Document Type




Publication Date



Understanding why individuals within altruistic societies forego reproduction to raise others' offspring has fascinated scientists since Darwin. Although worker polymorphism is thought to have evolved only in sterile workers, worker subcastes appear to be common among social invertebrates and vertebrates. We asked whether sterility accompanies eusociality and morphological differentiation in snapping shrimps (Synalpheus) - the only known marine eusocial group. We show that workers in S. elizabethae are reproductively totipotent, and that female — but not male — gonadal development and mating are mediated by the presence of a queen, apparently without physical aggression. In queenless experimental colonies, a single immature female worker typically became ovigerous, and no female workers matured in colonies with a resident queen. Thus, eusocial shrimp workers retain reproductive totipotency despite signs of morphological specialization. The failure of most female workers to mature is instead facultative and mediated by the presence of the queen, ensuring her reproductive monopoly.,Table A1. Sex and maturation status of adult workers.Sex and maturation status of adult workers from five S. elizabethae colonies from the demosponge Lissodendoryx colombiensis collected from Bocas del Toro, Panama.AMN final table A1.xlsxTable A2. Gonadal development of workersGonadal development of the worker that had the most advanced development in each group under three experimental treatments. 1Q/6W: one queen and six workers; 0Q/6W: queenless with six workers (0Q/6W); and 0Q/1W: one worker only. Numbers in the table represent counts of groups. We have excluded 10, 10 and 4 groups from treatments 0Q/1W, 1Q/6W and 0Q/6W respectively, because either workers had initial gonadal development, the queen died, the group had only male workers, or the group had only female workers.AMN final table A2.xlsxTable A3. Gonadal development of workers with initial gonadal developmentGonadal development of the worker that had the most advanced development in each group under three experimental treatments where workers had initial gonadal developmentAMN final table A3.xlsxNumber of queens and colony size in the eusocial shrimps Synalpheus elizabethae in Bocas del Toro, PanamaData include 72 colonies collected from Bocas del Toro, Panama between 2007 and 2013BDT queen regression data.xlsx,



Source Link