The purpose of the present study was to examine the espoused values of 75 predominately White national fraternities. This article reports values types espoused by college fraternities, as well as their classification along a well-defined and recognized continuum of universal values. Universal classification types included self-enhancement, openness to change, selftranscendence, and conservation.
Tull, Ashley Ed.D. and Shaw, Andrew
"Universally Espoused Fraternal Values on College and University Campuses: Commonplace or Coincidence?,"
Journal of Sorority and Fraternity Life Research and Practice: Vol. 12:
2, Article 3.
Available at: https://scholarworks.wm.edu/oracle/vol12/iss2/3