Virginia Institute of Marine Science
The Elizabeth River is a highly industrialized waterway that divides the cities of Norfolk and Portsmouth at its confluence with the lower Chesapeake Bay. It is home to the largest Naval base on the East Coast, numerous ship repair facilities, bulk and containerized cargo facilities, industrial and urban activities and wood creosoting (preserving) operations (all except one have been abandoned). This degree of industrialization has resulted in the pollution of the river, with high concentrations of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH, Bieri et al., 1986). A major contributor to the pollution problem has been the wood processing industry which, due to industrial accidents and spillage, allowed creosote to enter the river.
Elizabeth River long-term monitoring program, phase I, 1989
Organic water pollutants -- Virginia -- Elizabeth River -- Analysis, Organic water pollutants -- Bioaccumulation -- Virginia -- Elizabeth River, Blue crab -- Effect of water pollution on -- Virginia -- Elizabeth River
Greaves, J. (1990) Analysis of organic pollutants in sediments and blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) tissues : final report to Virginia State Water Control Board. Virginia Institute of Marine Science, William & Mary. https://doi.org/10.25773/2h7z-sh81