Virginia Institute of Marine Science
Center for Coastal Resources Management (CCRM)
Actions taken by waterfront property owners to stabilize the shoreline can affect the health of the Bay as well as adjacent properties for decades. With these long-term implications, managers at the local level should have a more proactive role in how shorelines are managed. James City County recognizes that its natural environment is one of its most valuable assets as well as its most vulnerable (James City County, 2015). The shores of James City range from exposed open river to very sheltered creeks, and the nature of shoreline change varies accordingly (Figure 1-1). This shoreline management plan is useful for evaluating and planning shoreline management strategies appropriate for all the creeks and rivers of James City. It ties the physical and hydrodynamic elements of tidal shorelines to the various shoreline protection strategies
Shoreline Management, James City County, VA, York River, James River
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
This project was funded by the Virginia Coastal Zone Management Program at the Department of Environmental Quality through Grant # NA14NOS419041 of the U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, under the Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972, as amended.
Hardaway, C., Milligan, D. A., Wilcox, C. A., Berman, M., Rudnicky, T., Nunez, K., & Killeen, S. A. (2015) James City County Shoreline Management Plan. Virginia Institute of Marine Science, William & Mary. https://doi.org/10.21220/V5SW3M