Virginia Institute of Marine Science
The objective of this project was to determine acute toxic effects of chlorine on selected estuarine organisms found adjacent to the projected outfall of a sewage treatment plant in the lower York River. The test species specified under contract were ovster (Crassostrea virginica) and clam (Mercenaria mercenaria) larvae, Acartia tonsa (a dominant copepod), and the fishes, menhaden (Brcvoortia tyranus), pipefish (Svngnathus fuscus), blennies (Hypsoplennius hentzi) and sheepshead minnow (Cyprinodon variegatus). The parameter of interest in the tests was mortality when the animals were exposed to a constant level of chlorine for a 48 or 96 hr period.
Estuarine animals -- Effect of chlorine on -- Virginia -- York River, Chlorine -- Toxicology
Roberts, M. H., & Diaz, R. J. (1974) Acute effect of free chlorine on selected estuarine invertebrates and vertebrates : final report. Virginia Institute of Marine Science, William & Mary. https://scholarworks.wm.edu/reports/2624