Form and function of the bulbus arteriosus in yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares): dynamic properties

SM Casas
A Grau
KS Reece
K Apakupaku
C Azevedo


A new species, Perkinsus mediterraneus, a protistan parasite of the European oyster Ostrea edulis (L.), farmed along the coast of the Balearic Islands, Mediterranean Sea, is described. Morphological examinations with light and transmission electron microscopy, DNA sequence-analysis and enlargement in Ray's fluid thioglycollate medium (RFTM) confirmed that this parasite belongs to the genus Perkinsus. Specific morphological and genetic characteristics indicated that it should be considered a new species in the genus, Sequencing of the small subunit ribosomal (ssu rRNA) gene confirmed that the parasite belongs to the genus Perkinsus, and sequences of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) were distinct from any Perkinsus ITS sequences previously published and/or deposited in the GenBank. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that the ITS sequences of the Dew species formed a monophyletic group comprising a sister clade to the P. atlanticus/olseni group. In addition, morphological differences were observed between the new species and the other described Perkinsus spp.. After incubation in RFTM for 1 wk, the prezoosporangiurn had reached an extremely large size (97.4 +/- 1.99 mum) (mean +/- SE), and after 2 wk incubation had again almost doubled in size (167.1 +/- 8.09 mum). The discharge-tube length was one sixth the diameter of the zoosporangium, i.e. a ratio of 17.36:97.38, the lowest ratio observed for any Perkinsus species. At the ultrastructural level, zoosporangia and zoospores exhibited some differences compared to other Perkinsus species.