Virginia Institute of Marine Science
Virginia Journal of Science
Environmental conditions in the Virginian waters of the Chesapeake Bay area during the summerof 1995 have been characterized as a severe drought. This drought was punctuated on 27 June with a headwater (James and Rappahannock River) rain storm that produced a "freshet". Although it did not rain in the Tidewater area of Virginia, surface salinities were depressed by the run-off, and main-stem bottom ox}'gen levels dropped to z.ero in the James and Rappahannock rivers. The effects of the reduced oxygen were apparent on the James River oyster stock, particularly the reduction in spatfall, and to a lesser degree on the Rappahannock River young-of-the-year striped bass index. Long-term effects of the June flood and/or the drought must be monitored.
VIMS Contribution No. 2053.
Austin, Herbert M. and Bonzek, Christopher F., Effects of the June 1995 Freshet on The Main Virginia Tributaries to the Chesapeake Bay (1996). Virginia Journal of Science, 47(4), 251-279.