Virginia Institute of Marine Science
Geophysical Research Letters
SeaWiFS estimates of surface chlorophyll concentrations are reported for the region of the U.S. JGOFS study in the Southern Ocean (similar to 170 degrees W, 60 degrees S). Elevated chlorophyll was observed at the Southern Ocean fronts, near the edge of the seasonal ice sheet, and above the Pacific-Antarctic Ridge. The elevated chlorophyll levels associated with the Pacific-Antarctic Ridge are surprising since even the crest of the ridge is at depths > 2000 m. This elevated phytoplankton biomass is likely the result of mesoscale physical-biological interactions where the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC) encounters the ridge. Four cruises surveyed this region between October 1997 and March 1998, as part of the U.S. JGOFS. Satellite-derived chlorophyll concentrations were compared with in situ extracted chlorophyll measurements from these cruises. There was good agreement (r(2) of 0.72, from a linear regression of shipboard vs, satellite chlorophyll), although SeaWiFS underestimated chlorophyll concentrations relative to the ship data.
Moore, JK; Abbott, MR; Richman, RG; Smith, Walker O. Jr.; and al, et, SeaWiFS satellite ocean color data from the Southern Ocean (1999). Geophysical Research Letters, 26(10), 1465-1468.