Virginia Institute of Marine Science
Bulletin of Marine Science
Seagrass meadows provide important settlement habitat, food and refuge for postlarvae and young juveniles of the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus. In the York River, Chesapeake Bay, area] cover and distribution of seagrass beds has declined historically. Beds which existed 12-25 km upriver from the mouth disappeared and have not recovered. A model for planktonic postlarval behavior, coupled with a 3-dimensional hydrodynamic transport model for the York River, was used to investigate potential effects of the decline in seagrass abundance, and hypothetical restoration, on blue crab settlement and recruitment to the benthos, both in seagrass and to unvegetated bottom. Effects of habitat loss were investigated in model simulations using two historic patterns of seagrass cover (ca. 1965 and ca. 1996), five patterns with intermediate loss of cover, and three settlement rates. Declines of crab settlement in seagrass (
Advection Transport Algorithm; Submerged Aquatic Vegetation; Callinectes-sapidus Rathbun; Tidal Marsh Creek
Stockhausen, WT and Lipcius, Rom, Simulated effects of seagrass loss and restoration on settlement and recruitment of blue crab postlarvae and juveniles in the York River, Chesapeake Bay (2003). Bulletin of Marine Science, 72(2), 409-422.