Virginia Institute of Marine Science
The James River seedbeds are one of the few oyster-growing areas of the world still operated successfully as a free fishery on natural oyster grounds. It is characteristic of free fisheries that much is taken out and little is put back. For some 50 years, the James River seedbeds have continuously furnished most of the seed- oysters (young oysters) for the planters of Vir- ginia. That they are still productive is strong testimony to the natural fitness of the area for oyster culture. Yet, their survival as seed grounds must be attributed in no small measure to the laws prohibiting modern mechanized har- vesting methods.
Copyright by the Ecological Society of America
Andrews, Jay D., Seasonal Patterns Of Oyster Setting In The James River And Chesapeake Bay (1951). Ecology, 32(4), 752-758.