Virginia Institute of Marine Science
Fishery Bulletin 43
This study of the York River and issues impacting the oyster fishery provides historical information on the river's physical and chemical conditions (temperature, salinity, dissolved oxygen, turbidity, currents, etc.) effluent observations, history and data of the oyster fishery, oyster condition, biological and pathological work and experimental studies.
The project studies were responsible for the establishment of a fisheries laboratory in Yorktown, Va.
p. 59 - "Funds for the York River investigations were made available in 1935 by a special allotment from the Public Works Administration. Continuation of the project was made possible by regular allotments by the Bureau of Fisheries and appropriations from the Commonwealth of Virginia through its Commission of Fisheries. In October 1935 a laboratory was established at Yorktown, Va., where a satisfactory supply of sea water was available for physiological studies' on oysters. A boat suitable for the field observations was supplied by the Virginia Commission of Fisheries. Studies of the chemical nature of the pulp-mill effluents were carried on from July 1938 to July 1940 at laboratories made available by the College of William and Mary."
Galtsoff, Paul; Chipman, Walter Jr.; Engle, James B.; and Calderwood, Howard N., Ecological and physiological studies of the effect of sulfate pulp mill wastes on oysters in the York River, Virginia (1947). Fishery Bulletin 43, 51, 59-185.