Virginia Institute of Marine Science
Journal of Shellfish Research
Supersaturated seawater was produced in a flow-through system by injecting air into a pressurized seawater line. Mercenaria mercenaria, Mulinia lateralis, and Mya arenaria were exposed to several different levels of supersaturated seawater at temperatures ranging from 5 to 17°C. Gas-bubble disease occurred at total gas saturation levels of 108% in juveniles of M. lateralis and 114% in juveniles of M. arenaria. Air blisters in the tissue, flotation, and mortality were observed at these levels. Reduced growth in juveniles of M. mercenaria was found at a total gas saturation level of 115%.
Bisker, Robert and Castagna, Michael, The effect of various levels of air-supersaturated seawater on Mercenaria mercenaria (Linne), Mulinia lateralis (Say), and Mya arenaria Linne, with reference to gas-bubble disease (1985). Journal of Shellfish Research, 5(2), 97-102.