Virginia Institute of Marine Science
Journal of Shellfish Research
The continental shelf of the United States was once the preserve of commercial fishermen. This is no longer the case. The exclusive economic zone is increasingly becoming the focus of other economically powerful, sometimes incompatible uses, including green energy, shipping, communications, mining, military exclusion zones, and conservation regions. These other uses generally have fixed boundaries. The distribution of fished species moves in relation to warming of shelf waters, presenting challenges to both federal regional fishery management councils and industry alike. There is need for continued engagement between user groups with respectful use of guiding science and legal structure to ensure reasoned access for all, and stability for economies that are reliant on ocean shelf resources, including the fishing industry
exclusive economic zone, fisheries management, green energy, shipping, conservation
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Mann, Roger, An Ecosystem is Not a Monument, and Other Challenges to Fishing in the 21st Century (2021). Journal of Shellfish Research, 40(2), 185-190.