Variability in marsh migration potential determined by topographicrather than anthropogenic constraints in the Chesapeake Bay region
Virginia Institute of Marine Science
Limnology and Oceanography Letters
Sea level rise (SLR) and saltwater intrusion are driving inland shifts in coastal ecosystems. Here, we make high-resolution (1 m) predictions of land conversion under future SLR scenarios in 81 watersheds surrounding Chesapeake Bay, United States, a hotspot for accelerated SLR and saltwater intrusion. We find that 1050–3748 km2 of marsh could be created by 2100, largely at the expense of forested wetlands. Predicted marsh migration exceeds total current tidal marsh area and is about 4x greater than historical observations. Anthropogenic land use in marsh migration areas is concentrated within a few watersheds and minimally impacts calculated metrics of marsh resilience. Despite regional marsh area maintenance, local ecosystem service replacement within vulnerable watersheds remains uncertain. However, our work suggests that topography rather than land use drives spatial variability in wetland vulnerability regionally, and that rural land conversion is needed to compensate for extensive areal losses on heavily developed coasts globally.
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Molino, Grace D.; Carr, Joel A.; Ganju, Neil K.; and Kirwan, Matthew L., Variability in marsh migration potential determined by topographicrather than anthropogenic constraints in the Chesapeake Bay region (2022). Limnology and Oceanography Letters.