Virginia Institute of Marine Science
BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF OCEANOGRAPHY
Sterol and fatty acid biomarkers and isotopic composition (delta 13C and delta 15N) of bulk organic matter (OM) were quantified in a sediment core to characterize the accumulation of autochthonous OM in an area on the continental shelf adjacent to Rio de Janeiro State. In the sediment surface (0-1 cm) the concentration of total sterols and fatty acids was at least one order of magnitude higher than that measured deeper down in the core and was dominated by labile and planktonic-derived biomarker compounds. These results suggest, as is confirmed by multivariate statistical analysis, the occurrence of an event of enhanced primary production in the water column and efficient export of particles to the bottom. Similar conditions have been observed at Cabo Frio, located 150 km to the north of our study site, during an upwelling event, suggesting that such events may exert a regional influence on primary production on the south-eastern Brazilian continental shelf. Beyond the signatures from this event, the presence of biomarker compounds from vascular plants suggests the additional influence of an outflow from Guanabara Bay at the study site. These results point to the need for further investigation of the relative influence of physical forcings and continental inputs on the biogeochemical processes on the section of the continental shelf considered in the present study.
CABO FRIO BRAZIL; GUANABARA BAY; SURFACE SEDIMENTS; MARINE-SEDIMENTS; LIPID BIOMARKER; NORTHEASTERN TAIWAN; SURFICIAL SEDIMENTS; ATLANTIC-OCEAN; CARBON; PRESERVATION
This work was funded by FAPERJ (Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, grant n. E-26/150.332/2002). M. B. Lopes, L. G. Luz and L. N. Jasmim were supported by grants from PIBIC-UERJ (Programa de Bolsas de Iniciacao Cientifica da Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro). The authors are grateful to Dr. Angela Wagener, Dr. Arthur Scofield and Dr. Claudia Hamacher for their assistance with GC/MS analysis. This paper is contribution 3198 of the Virginia Institute of Marine Science, College of William and Mary.
Carreira, Renato da Silva, Canuel, Elizabeth A., Macko, Stephen A., Lopes, Mariana B., Luz, Letícia G., & Jasmim, Luciana N.. (2012). On the accumulation of organic matter on the southeastern Brazilian continental shelf: a case study based on a sediment core from the shelf off Rio de Janeiro. Brazilian Journal of Oceanography, 60(1), 75-87. https://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1679-87592012000100008