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Virginia Institute of Marine Science
Harris H. White
Concepts in Marine Pollution Measurements
Maryland Sea Grant Publication
College Park, MD
The ability to predict the environmental fate and effects of pollutants in the marine environmenits of utmost importance in assessing the hazards posed by a compound's use and/or disposal. Most commonly utilized methods to establish potential environmental effects have involved an assessment with bioassays of a compound's acute and chronic toxicity. For compounds that have the ability to bioaccumulate, the potential dangers from this process must also be determined. A "first cut" estimate can be made by determining the partition coefficients between an organic solvent, usually n-octanol, and water. If this coefficient exceeds 25,000, EPA requires a report of the potential hazard (under the Toxic Substances Control Act), and further study is required. The next step is to expose some likely target animal to the suspected contaminant through food and/or water.
Bender, Micheal E.; Huggett, Robert J.; and Sloane, Harold D., "Kepone Uptake: A Comparison of Field and Laboratory Data" (1984). VIMS Books and Book Chapters. 100.