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Virginia Institute of Marine Science
Sandra Y. Erdle, Jana L.D. Davis, Kevin G. Sellner
Management, Policy, Science, and Engineering of Nonstructural Erosion Control in the Chespeake Bay - Proceedings of the 2006 Living Shoreline Summit
Chesapeake Research Consortium
CRC Publication No. 08-164
The term “living shoreline” was recently associated with particular types of shoreline stabilization methods that emphasize the use of natural habitat features such as deeply rooted riparian vegetation, vegetated wetlands, and sand beaches. This overview of living shoreline design options for tidal tributaries describes six nonstructural and four “hybrid” or structural methods for erosion protection. Structures are included with living shoreline design options to make habitat restoration or creation possible without substantial impacts to tidal exchange or habitat functions. The use and effectiveness of other methods not included in this summary are still under investigation, such as oyster shell reefs and pre-cast concrete structures.
Duhring, Karen A., "Overview of Living Shoreline Design Options for Erosion Protection on Tidal Shorelines" (2008). VIMS Books and Book Chapters. 126.