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Virginia Institute of Marine Science
Maurice P. Lynch, Elizabeth C. Krome
State of the Chesapeake Bay Second Annual Monitoring Report Compendium
Chesapeake Research Consortium
CRC Publication No. 125
Many of the toxic organic chemicals affecting the marine environment are hydrophobic and associate with sediments. Sediments can accumulate the substances over long intervals and store them after the original source of the toxic material has been eliminated. Contaminated sediments can provide small but damaging amounts of the to.xicant to the overlying water for decades. For example, more than 10 years after the discovery of Kepone in the James River, Virginia, much of the James' fisheries ·is still closed because Kepone levels are above federal action levels.
Huggett, R. J. and deFur, P. O., "Organic Chemicals in Sediments from the Lower Chesapeake Bay" (1987). VIMS Books and Book Chapters. 166.