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Document Type

Book Chapter

Department/Program

Virginia Institute of Marine Science

Editors

Maurice P. Lynch and Elizabeth C. Krome

Publication Date

1988

Book Title

Understanding the Estuary: Advances in Cl1esapeake Bay Research - Proceedings of a Conference March 23-31, 1988

Publisher

Chesapeake Research Consortium

City

Solomons, Maryland

Series

CRC Publication No. 129 | CBP/TRS 24/88

Abstract

Settlement of the Chesapeake Bay region began in earnest in the early 17th century. The native American population and early colonists were impressed by the abundance of fish and shellfish and located their population centers to take advantage of these and other natu!al resources. Introduction of wastes into the bay was coincident with this settlement. As the human population increased, so did the pressure on the ecological system. In the 20th century significant quantities of synthetic chemicals began to be introduced, many of which were toxic and nonbiodegradable [Faust and Hunter 1971]. Today the areas surrounding the bay are experiencing unprecedented development; introduction of toxic organic pollutants has correspondingly increased. Water quality and the abundance of many aquatic organisms have suffered accordingly [O'Connor and Huggett 1988].

Bioavailability of Organic Pollutants to Aquatic Organisms

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