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Virginia Institute of Marine Science
Kent E. Carpenter
The living marine resources of the Western Central Atlantic. Vol. 2: Bony fishes part 1 (Acipenseridae to Grammatidae)
FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes and American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists Special Publication No. 5
Description, keys, habitat and distribution.
Olney, John E., "Oarfishes" (2002). VIMS Books and Book Chapters. 197.