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Virginia Institute of Marine Science
Mark W. Luckenbach, Roger Mann, James A. Wesson
Oyster reef habitat restoration : a synopsis and synthesis of approaches ; proceedings from the symposium, Williamsburg, Virginia, April 1995
Gloucester Point, VA
Traditional oyster repletion activities have utilized a two-dimensional approach to shell (substrate) deployment to attain maximal coverage in subtidal locations with little consideration for optimal thickness of deployed shell and tidal elevation. Vertical dimensionality may play a vital role, however, in the establishment and persistence of oyster communities. Therefore, a three-dimensional oyster reef was constructed in the Piankatank River, Virginia, and settlement and mortality patterns of oysters were recorded from June of 1993 through September of 1994.
Bartol, Ian K. and Mann, Roger, "Small-Scale Patterns of Recruitment On A Constructed Intertidal Reef: The Role of Spatial Refugia" (1999). VIMS Books and Book Chapters. 88.