The Palaearctic species Drosophila subobscura recently invaded the west coast of Chile and North America. This invasion helped to corroborate the adaptive value of the rich chromosomal polymorphism of the species, as the same clinal patterns than those observed in the original Palaearctic area were reproduced in the colonized areas in a relatively short period of time. The rapid response of this polymorphism to environmental conditions makes it a good candidate to measure the effect of the global rising of temperatures on the genetic composition of populations. Indeed, the long-term variation of this polymorphism shows a general increase in the frequency of those inversions typical of low latitudes, with a corresponding decrease of those typical of populations closer to the poles. Although the mechanisms underlying these changes are not well understood, the system remains a valid tool to monitor the genetic impact of global warming on natural populations. Heredity ( 2009) 103, 364-367; doi: 10.1038/hdy.2009.86; published online 29 July 2009
Balanyà, J., Huey, R. B., Gilchrist, G. W., & Serra, L. (2009). The chromosomal polymorphism of Drosophila subobscura: a microevolutionary weapon to monitor global change. Heredity, 103(5), 364.